The most common golf injuries occur in the lower back, elbows, shoulders, hands and wrists. Injuries can occur during golf as a result of overuse or trauma to a region.
The impact and stress of repetitive motion of the golf swing is sometimes hard on the muscles and joints; especially if you ignore the early warning signs of an injury such as joint pain, swelling, point tenderness, decreased range of motion, weakness or numbness and tingling.
The top reasons golfers get injured include:
- Insufficient warm up
- Mis-hits (eg. hitting the ground during the swing)
- Poor swing mechanics
- Incorrect Grip
- Twisting the Spine During the Swing
There are many injuries that can occur during or after a round of golf that can affect the upper limb. The muscles, tendons and ligaments that hold each joint together need to work in unison during the golf swing to avoid undue stress or impingement of structures.
There could be other causes of shoulder pain such as a frozen shoulder, instability of the shoulder joint or arthritic conditions. Neck pain can also cause referral of pain to the shoulders, back, elbow, forearm, wrist and hand.
Some of the common injuries that can occur as a result of the golf swing include:
Upper limb injuries in golfers can arise due to inadequate warm-up, overuse of the shoulder muscles (eg. playing 2 days in a row) or mis-hitting the ball causing jarring of the joints. Poor swing mechanics can also result in overuse of some muscle groups and stress on the supporting structures such as the ligaments and tendons resulting in shoulder, elbow and wrist pain.
In all cases a thorough assessment by a Physiotherapist is recommended to assess all the contributing factors to your pain.